HOW HEATWAVES IN INDIA HAVE AFFECTED OR MAY AFFECT THE LIVES OF PEOPLE?

Usually, heatwaves occur in India during the months of May and June, however, India had to face heatwaves early in this year as the temperatures started increasing from March and April.

Loss of life

In extreme temperatures human body first suffers heat exhaustion, fatigue, dehydration, and heatstroke. Without proper medical help such heatwaves can be lethal.

According to National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), heatwaves have already killed 24,380 people from 1991-2018. Heatwave can be more lethal for the workers, poor and elderlies as they have more chances to suffer from heatstroke.

With the increase of heat and lack of moisture, the chances of forest fire have increased due to the heatwave.

Forest fire

This year in India between the time of April 3 and 11, there have been recorded cases of over 1,141 large forest fires and over 7800 hotspots for forest fire were spotted during the last 3 days of April.

With the increase of temperature, the demand and usage of AC has also increased for those who can afford it. This demand puts pressure on the power supply and the cases of power blackouts became more frequent.

Power shortage

According to a survey, facing power outages was common for majority of participant while about 33% them would experience blackouts for at least two hours.

With the rise of temperature, moisture in land decreases and drought can happen in various place of India. Furthermore, with heatwaves the chances of heatstroke increase for the farmers which not only risk their life but also affect the in the yield of the crop.

Loss of crops

India's bread basket, Punjab is also facing such problems due to the heatwaves. According to Gurvinder Singh, the director of agriculture in Punjab, they had to lose 500 kilograms per hectare of wheat yield in April due to the heatwave.

Children going to school and playing outdoors are easily affected by this heatwave and have some health issues like skin burn, headache, dehydration etc.

Disturbing school systems

According to West Bengal’s Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, many children have suffered from nosebleeds due to this heatwave. Keeping that in mind, various state like West Bengal and Odisha, have announced school closures to deal with the rising temperatures.